Garage Rent: Self-Employed Deductions Explained + Definition

Learn all about garage rent deductions for self-employed individuals in this comprehensive guide.

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The concept of garage rent and its implications for self-employed individuals can be complex and multifaceted. This glossary entry aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of garage rent, how it can be deducted as a business expense by self-employed individuals, and the definition of the term within the context of self-employed mileage tracking and write-offs.

Garage rent refers to the cost incurred by a self-employed individual for renting a garage space for business purposes. This expense can be significant, especially for those who use their garage as a workspace or storage area for their business. However, the good news is that garage rent can often be deducted as a business expense, reducing the overall taxable income for self-employed individuals.

Understanding Garage Rent

The term 'garage rent' is commonly used to describe the cost of renting a garage space. This could be a standalone structure or a part of a residential property. The garage could be used for various business-related purposes, such as storing business inventory, parking business vehicles, or even as a workspace for certain types of businesses.

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Garage rent can vary widely based on factors such as the location of the garage, its size, and the amenities it offers. For self-employed individuals who use their garage for business purposes, the cost of garage rent can be a significant business expense.

Types of Garage Rent

There are several types of garage rent that self-employed individuals might encounter. The most common type is a monthly or annual rental agreement for a standalone garage or a garage space within a residential property. This type of rent is typically paid to a landlord or property management company.

Another type of garage rent is a lease agreement, where the self-employed individual agrees to rent the garage for a specified period, often several years. Lease agreements typically offer lower rates than month-to-month rentals, but they also require a longer commitment.

Garage Rent vs. Other Types of Rent

Garage rent is similar to other types of rent in that it is a recurring expense paid for the use of a space. However, there are some key differences. For one, garage rent is often lower than rent for other types of spaces, such as office spaces or retail locations. This is because garages are typically smaller and offer fewer amenities.

Another key difference is that garage rent is often more flexible than other types of rent. For example, it may be easier to find a month-to-month garage rental than a month-to-month office rental. This flexibility can be beneficial for self-employed individuals who need a space for their business but don't want to commit to a long-term lease.

Garage Rent as a Business Expense

For self-employed individuals, garage rent can be deducted as a business expense. This means that the cost of the garage rent can be subtracted from the individual's taxable income, reducing the amount of income tax they owe. However, there are certain requirements and limitations to be aware of.

Firstly, the garage must be used exclusively and regularly for business purposes. This means that if the garage is used for both personal and business purposes, only the portion of the rent that corresponds to the business use can be deducted. Secondly, the amount of the deduction cannot exceed the gross income from the business.

How to Calculate the Deduction

Calculating the deduction for garage rent can be a bit complex. The first step is to determine the percentage of the garage that is used for business purposes. This can be done by measuring the square footage of the garage and the square footage of the area used for business.

Once the percentage of business use is determined, this percentage can be applied to the total cost of the garage rent to calculate the deductible amount. For example, if 50% of the garage is used for business and the total rent is $200 per month, the deductible amount would be $100 per month.

Record Keeping for Garage Rent Deductions

Keeping accurate records is crucial when claiming a deduction for garage rent. This includes keeping receipts for rent payments, as well as documentation showing how the garage is used for business purposes. This could include photos of the garage, a log of business activities conducted in the garage, and any other evidence that supports the claim.

It's also important to keep these records for at least three years after filing the tax return, as this is the period during which the IRS can audit the return. If the deduction is challenged, these records will be crucial in proving the legitimacy of the claim.

Garage Rent and Self-Employed Mileage Tracking

For self-employed individuals who use their vehicle for business purposes, garage rent can be a key factor in tracking mileage and calculating vehicle-related deductions. If the garage is used to store the vehicle when it's not in use for business, the cost of the garage rent can be included in the total vehicle expenses.

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However, it's important to note that the IRS has strict rules about what constitutes a business trip. Commuting from home to a regular workplace is not considered a business trip, even if the vehicle is stored in a garage that is rented for business purposes. Therefore, it's crucial to keep accurate records of business trips and to consult with a tax professional to ensure that all deductions are claimed correctly.

Mileage Tracking Methods

There are two main methods for tracking mileage for business purposes: the actual expense method and the standard mileage rate method. The actual expense method involves keeping track of all vehicle-related expenses, including garage rent, and deducting the business portion of these expenses. The standard mileage rate method involves multiplying the number of business miles driven by the standard mileage rate, which is set by the IRS each year.

Choosing the right method depends on several factors, including the cost of the vehicle, the cost of garage rent, and the number of miles driven for business. It's often beneficial to calculate the deduction using both methods and choose the one that results in the larger deduction.

Record Keeping for Mileage Deductions

Just like with garage rent deductions, keeping accurate records is crucial when claiming a mileage deduction. This includes keeping a log of all business trips, including the date, purpose, and mileage for each trip. Receipts for vehicle-related expenses, including garage rent, should also be kept.

Again, these records should be kept for at least three years after filing the tax return. If the mileage deduction is challenged, these records will be crucial in proving the legitimacy of the claim.


Garage rent can be a significant expense for self-employed individuals, but it can also provide a valuable tax deduction. By understanding the rules and requirements for deducting garage rent and tracking mileage, self-employed individuals can reduce their taxable income and potentially save a significant amount of money on their taxes.

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However, tax laws can be complex and subject to change, so it's always a good idea to consult with a tax professional. This can help ensure that all deductions are claimed correctly and that all necessary records are kept, minimizing the risk of an audit and maximizing the potential tax savings.

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Other Self-Employed Glossary Terms

Discover how self-employed individuals can deduct vehicle registration fees and gain a clear understanding of the definition of this business expense.

Uncover the ins and outs of self-employed deductions and gain a clear understanding of what qualifies as a business trip.

Learn how to maximize your self-employed deductions by understanding the business use percentage.